Category Indicator Data
1GeneralElectricity* Exporter in Southeastern Europe.
* Electricity production 45 TWh (2014).
* The total installed capacity in the country is 13.759 MW (2014): 16,9% nuclear power stations, 27,9% lignite power plants, 7,2% coal power stations, 6,7% thermal power stations, 32,9% RES and 8,5% hydroelectric power stations.
2GeneralNatural Gas* Dependency - import mainly from Russia.
* 4,1% contribution to electricity production (2011).
3GeneralLignite* The lignite reserves are estimated at 4,5 billion tons and are in the Maritsa Iztok coal basin (about 70%), the Sofia coal basin catchment area and in the Lom coal mines.
* Lignite is used almost entirely to produce electricity and heat (97,4%). The rest is consumed for briquette production (1,4%), for other uses (0,7%) and for domestic heating (0,5%) (2015).
4PhotovoltaicsToday* 2014: 1.022MWp - 1.245 GWh.
* Solar installations are mainly for: - hot water in public buildings (hospitals, schools, etc.), in the domestic and tourist sectors, - solar dryers in the wood and agro-processing industries.
5PhotovoltaicsPotential* The solar energy capacity was expanded by 100 MW in 2011.
6PhotovoltaicsInvestments*The Karadzhalovo Solar Park, with total installed capacity 60,4 MW, has 214.000 photovoltaic panels and is the largest in the country.
*The Pobeda Photovoltaic Park, with total installed capacity 50,6 MW, is in Pobeda in Northern Bulgaria and produces MWh.
7Small Hydropower PlantsToday* Due to limited hydroelectric potential (excluding the Danube river), the importance of hydropower is not so great.
* There are currently 87 hydropower plants with a total installed capacity 1.980 MW, most of them are located in the southern and southwest mountain areas.
8Small Hydropower PlantsPotential* In 2010 Bulgaria had 136 small hydropower plants and the total installed capacity was 263 MW (production 630 GWh), accounting for 14,31% of electricity.
* The age of more than half of these small hydropower plants is over 40-60 years old.
9Small Hydropower PlantsInvestments* By 2020, the target is 200 small hydropower plants, with total installed capacity of 380 MW (1.050 GWh).
10Wind ParksToday* By the end of 2015, the total installed capacity was 691MW (producing 1.436 GWh and accounted for 3,23% of the total energy produced).
* 90% of the wind parks are located in the Kavarna area.
* The largest wind park in Kavarna has installed capacity of 156MW.
11Wind ParksPotential* High wind energy potential, accounts for 3.400 MW of total installed capacity, fact that set Bulgaria as one of the leading countries for investment in the sector.
12Wind ParksInvestments* Investment opportunities on the Black Sea coastline and in areas above 1,000 meters ASL, particularly south of Sofia.
13BiomassToday* 12 units: 10 of them use cultivated crops as well as animal waste, and 2 of them biogas from sewage sludge.
14BiomassPotential* Total theoretical potential 3.607.962 toe of which: firewood 547.162 toe, energy crops 842.830 toe, agricultural solid waste 1.877.941 toe, urban solid waste 306.802 toe, other 33.225 toe.
* Biomass could cover about 9% of final energy consumption.
15BiomassInvestments* Incentives are provided, (privileged CHP tarrifs) -Promotion of combined cycle units or with indirect biomass use (60% of animal origin).
16GeothermyToday* Geothermal Applications: (2015) 61% spa treatments, 27% water supply, 2% heating, 5% bottling, 2% greenhouses, 3% other uses.
17GeothermyPotential* Total geothermal power generation capacity of 200 MWe. * Theoretical geothermal potential 325.903 toe / year
* Total geothermal potential 32.644 toe / year
18GeothermyInvestments* It has 700 geothermal sources that can be used to produce geothermal energy and provide thermal energy.
19Biofules/BioliquidsToday* Diesel and LPG mandatorily contain biofuels (biodiesel and bioethanol respectively) at 6%.
* More than 100 units are in operation.
20Biofules/BioliquidsPotential* Production of 250.000 tons of biodiesel and 60.000 tons of bioethanol per year.
21Biofules/BioliquidsInvestments* Investment amounting to €25 million in installations for biofuels completed in Ruse the company "Bulmarket DM". The final stage of the investment will be the opening of a plant for oil seeds processing, which will start running by the end of the month in Ruse. The raw material it produces will power biodiesel production plant in the Austrian city of Enns, which the company bought in 2010. Its goal is to provide resources and to insure against stock market fluctuations in commodity prices.
22Energy Efficiency - BuildingsToday*Among the new and renovated buildings ambitious energy efficiency measures are already implemented.
*Serious delays in public buildings.
* The multi-family residential buildings are mostly prefabricated, with main source of heating solid fuels (wood and coal) and electricity and low-efficiency boilers.
* The use of renewable sources of energy (particularly solar, geothermal and wood biomass) is severely hampered by the lack of appropriate technical infrastructure of buildings.
23Energy Efficiency - BuildingsPotential* Households are the 3rd largest energy consumer.
* There are over 17.000 public buildings.
24Energy Efficiency - BuildingsInvestments* BG161PO001-1.2.01-0001 Energy Renovation of Bulgarian Homes project with financial resources 50 million BGN (subsidy).
25Energy Efficiency - IndustryToday*A tool to reduce industrial CO2 emissions is the European emissions trading system.
26Energy Efficiency - IndustryPotential*Industry represents 23% of the Bulgarian economy.
27Energy Efficiency - IndustryInvestments* Use of biomass in combustion plants
* Development of a plan to support the use of RES in the industrial sector
* Enhancement of public-private partnerships for the implementation of the energy saving measures.
* Support the competitiveness of green businesses and promote green entrepreneurship.
28Energy Efficiency -TransportToday* Bulgaria has a high share of electrified railways, over 71%. The share of RES in fuel consumption and the share of newly registered cars with alternative fuels is slightly lower than the EU average. Drivers spent about 10 minutes less on road congestion in 2015 than in 2014.
29Energy Efficiency -TransportPotential*Transport is the sector where energy use is the greatest, exceeding that of the industrial sector. The growing energy demand is driven by the rapidly increasing number of vehicles and their annual mileage, which comes at the expense of a decrease in the use of the more energy-efficient rail transport.
30Energy Efficiency -TransportInvestments*Reduce the number of urban transport vehicles using conventional fuels by 2020.
*Promote the production of biofuels.
*Production of electricity from RES for electric vehicle charging stations.
*Promote electric mobility in the public transport sector.
*Promote electric and hybrid vehicles.